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凯发k8注册官网,纯干货——学生在英语中最易犯的错误总结(一)

凯发k8注册官网,纯干货——学生在英语中最易犯的错误总结(一)

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1 a/an

错:i have a mp4.

对:i have an mp4.

我有一个mp4。

错:ann has a honest face.

对:ann has an honest face.

安有一张诚实的面孔。

错:english is an useful language.

对:english is a useful language.

英语是一门有用的语言。

(a用于以辅音因素为首的词前;an用于以元音因素为首的词前。)

2 advice

错:she gave me a good advice.

对:she gave me a good piece of advice / some good advice.

她给了我一点 / 一些好建议。

3 afford

错:i can’t afford the money for a new coat.

对:i can’t afford (to buy) a new coat.

我承担不起买一件新外套的钱。/ 我买不起一件新外套。

(一般不用money作afford宾语。)

4 after

错:after you will leave, we will write to you every day.

对:after you leave, we will write to you every day.

你走后我们会每天给你写信。

(在after, as soon as等引导的时间状语从句中,用一般现在时表示将来。)

5 afternoon

错:in the afternoon of 3rd july

对:on the afternoon of 3rd july

在七月三日下午

(指一个特定的上午、下午、晚上介词用on。)

6 all

错:we all were delighted when we heard the news.

对:we were all delighted when we heard the news.

我们听到这个消息都很高兴。

(all通常放在第一个助动词之后或实意动词之前,如果实意动词是be,all紧跟其后。)

7 allow

错:it is not allowed to smoke here.

对:smoking is not allowed here. / people are not allowed to smoke here.

这里不允许吸烟。

(allow不用于“it is not allowed to do sth”结构。)

8 although

错:although i was frightened, but i couldn’t scream.

对:although i was frightened, i couldn’t scream.

虽然我很害怕,但是当时我无法喊出来。

(although不与but连用,但可以与yet,still连用。)

9 and(最易犯的错误)

错:the problem was that he didn’t have any money and clothes.

对:the problem was that he didn’t have any money or clothes.

问题是他既没有钱也没有衣服。

(肯定句中用and,否定句中用or。)

10 another

错:my mother loved her old sewing machine, but on her birthday my father bought her another new one.

对:my mother loved her old sewing machine, but on her birthday my father bought her a new one.

我母亲喜欢她那台旧缝纫机,但我父亲在她生日那天又给她买了一台新的。

11 answer

错:they still can’t find an answer for this problem.

对:they still can’t find an answer to this problem.

他们依然找不到这个问题的答案。

(“……的答案”,介词用to。)

12 ask

错:she asked me what was the time.

对:she asked me what the time was.

她当时问我那是几点。

(what, who, when, where引导的宾语从句用陈述句语序。)

13 as well

错:when he reached her house, he noticed that there were no lights on. he couldn’t see her car as well.

对:when he reached her house, he noticed that there were no lights on. he couldn’t see her car either.

他到她家时,发现屋内没有灯光,也看不到她的车。

(as well很少用于否定句。)

14 belong to

错:the car is belong to my wife. / the car is belonging to my wife.

对:the car belongs to my wife.

这辆汽车是我妻子的。

15 big

错:while on holiday she caught a big disease.

对:while on holiday she caught a serious disease.

她在假期中得了一场大病。

16 borrow

错:can i borrow your bathroom, please?

对:can i use your bathroom, please?

我能借用一下你的卫生间吗?

(borrow只用于可搬动的东西。)

17 borrow

错:can i lend your pen a minute?

对:can i borrow your pen a minute?

我能否借你的笔用一用?

(borrow指“借入”;lend指“借出”,是相对主语而言的。)

18 both

错:i am pleased that my both children have called me.

对:i am pleased that both my children have called me.

我两个孩子都给我打了电话,我感到很高兴。

(both用于the, my, their等限定词之前。)

19 breakfast

错:we have the breakfast at seven every day.

对:we have breakfast at seven every day.

我们每天七点钟吃早饭。

(一日三餐前通常不用冠词。)

20 certain

错:she was very certain that they would offer her the job.

对:she was quite certain that they would offer her the job.

她极其肯定他们会给她这份工作。

(多用quite / fairly / absolutely修饰certain,很少用very。)

21 chalk

错:he wrote the sentence down on the blackboard with a red chalk.

对:he wrote the sentence down on the blackboard with red chalk.

他用红色粉笔把这个句子写在了黑板上。

(chalk是不可数名词,a piece of chalk一支粉笔)

22 change

错:a lot of changes have been taken place in the city.

对:a lot of changes have taken place in the city.

这个城市发生了很多变化。

(表示发生变化,change作主语时,要用主动语态,不能用被动语态。)

23 class

错:the whole class has gone to see the film.

对:the whole class have gone to see the film.

全班都去看电影了。

(class是集合名词,作主语时,若强调全体成员,谓语动词用复数;若强调整体,谓语动词用单数。)

24 congratulation

错:congratulation on your success!

对:congratulations on your success!

祝贺你成功!

(祝贺用复数形式。)

25 enter

错:a strange man enter into the room.

对:a strange man enter the room.

一个陌生人走进了房间。

(enter a room, a building等,不加into。)

26 everyday / every day

错:i go to the library everyday.

对:i go to the library every day.

(everyday是形容词,everyday english日常用语)

27 man

错:we saw two man doctors just now.

对:we saw two men doctors just now.

我们刚才看见两位男医生。

(man / woman构成的合成名词,表复数时,两者都变成复数形式。)

28 mine

错:i want you to meet an old friend of me.

对:i want you to meet an old friend of mine.

我想让你见见我的一个老朋友。

29 past

错:we didn’t have enough food before.

对:we didn’t have enough food in the past.

过去我们没有足够的食物。

30 sun

错:sun rises from the east.

对:the sun rises in the east.

太阳从东方升起。

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